The most detailed agreement was the agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates. Nations agreed to approve bilateral agreements on 15 areas of common interest, including finance, trade, aviation, energy, telecommunications, health, agriculture and water. The agreement was a major political turnaround for Mr. Netanyahu, who has long insisted on expanding settlements in the occupied West Bank in an effort to annex the territory. Mr. Netanyahu was under political pressure to be flexible, as three new elections gave him only a majority in a coalition government and he was prosecuted in 2021. In 2019, the Trump administration reversed decades of U.S. policy by declaring that West Bank settlements were not contrary to international law, a decision that threatened the two-state solution, long seen as the key to a lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians. The Trump administration`s Middle East policy, developed by Jared Kushner, the president`s top adviser, and published in January 2020, endorsed Mr.
Netanyahu`s plan to reintegate existing settlements. After Yousef Al Otaiba, the ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, wrote a statement in June 2020 in which he warned that the annexation would threaten better relations between Israel and the Arab world, Kushner saw an opportunity and intervened to facilitate the talks. After the negotiators agreed, Mr. Trump, Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a conference call just before an official announcement.      Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the agreement was a “spectacular step forward for peace” and the beginning of a “new era. On 16 August 2020, Israel and the United Arab Emirates opened direct telephone services.  The emigrating company APEX National Investment and the Israeli group Tera have signed an agreement on partners in research on COVID-19, making it the first commercial contract between the companies of the two countries since the normalization of relations.  Mossad Director Yossi Cohen arrived in the United Arab Emirates on 18 August to discuss security policy cooperation, regional developments and issues with national security advisor Tahnoun bin Zayed Al Nahyan with National Security Adviser Tayoun al-Zayed Al Nahyan. It was the first visit by an Israeli official since the agreement was announced.  The United Arab Emirates officially ended its boycott of Israel on 29 August.  Ordinary Palestinians turned to social media to protest the agreement, and some also insulted the Vae. Meanwhile, Abbas Zaki, a member of Fatah`s Central Committee, called the agreement a breakdown of the Arab consensus on the management of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.